Defensive Driving WORKS!
The Collision Prevention
the hazards: Continuously scan the road ahead and behind checking
your mirror every 3 to 5 seconds.
- Understand the defense: Continuously
scan the road for possible hazards. Play the "what if" game
by thinking "what if" the driver in front of me stops suddenly?
"What if" someone runs a red light at the next intersection?
"What if" that driver in the oncoming lane...
- Act correctly in time: Think ahead,
try to anticipate what other drivers around you might do, avoid hazardous
or dangerous situations before it's too late.
Help avoid collisions through proper vehicle maintenance.
Remember, from clean windows to properly adjusted mirrors to regular
engine servicing and much more, you can be held responsible for
the little, as well as the big defects in your car.
Know, Show, Slow, Go
Know the rules for intersections and know which way you plan
on going before you arrive at the intersection. Show your intentions
with signals and proper lane position before entering it. Slow
down as you approach the intersection, have your foot over the break.
Go only after you've checked to make sure the coast is clear.
Don't assume that the other driver knows what to do at the intersection
or that the driver will follow the rules.
The weight of your car is the major determining factor
in how long it takes you to stop. The heavier the car, the longer it
takes to stop. On average, at 65 miles per hour it will take you the
length of a football field to stop -- that's completely stop -- your
car. Remember, automatic breaking systems (ABS) only help to stop without
swerving in a skid stop, not in a shorter distance.
The Two Second Rule
Follow the Two Second Rule. Watch the vehicle ahead of you pass a fixed
object or point, like a pole or mile marker. Begin counting: "One
thousand and one, one thousand and two." If your car reaches that
marker before you finish counting you are following too closely. Ease
up and check again.
In adverse conditions, use The Two Second Plus Rule:
add one second following distance for each adverse condition. Adverse
- Driving at night, in fog, rain or snow. (Plus 1)
- Driving behind a truck or vehicle making it difficult
for you to see ahead. (Plus 1)
- Driving behind a motor cycle. (Plus 1)
- Driving through an intersection. (Plus 1)
If you can't see a truck driver in the truck's side
mirror, then that driver can't see you or your car -- you're in the
vehicle's blind spot and should pull out of it as soon as it is possible
Practice the 4 Rs
Head-on collisions are the most violent type of auto accident. Practice
the 4 Rs:
- Read the road ahead.
- Reduce your speed.
- Drive to the Right.
- Ride off the road if necessary.
A driver who's coming head-on toward you in your lane
may "wake-up" and realize they've crossed into your lane,
and then correct their error by heading to your left, or back
into their proper lane. So, drive RIGHT and off the road if necessary.
Don't swerve left.
This information includes material from the National
Safety Council's Defensive Driving Course and their annual publication
Accident Facts. This information highlights examples of safety
precautions you can consider to help protect yourself, others, and your
personal property. This list is not meant to be all encompassing. Moreover,
a particular precaution may not be effective in all circumstances.
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